Augmented Reality for Sensors, Transducers and Actuators

  • Wasim Ahmed Khan
  • Abdul  Raouf
  • Kai Cheng
Part of the Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing book series (SSAM)


Sensors transducers and actuators are the essential elements of a control system. These objects play an important role in implementing the proxy virtual manufacturing organization through transfer of their current state over the local area network. Thus, permitting virtual manufacturing organization to respond as the manufacturing system has been ideally programmed to perform. In case of a conflict an error signal is generated thet is traced through VMS Diagnostic (refer to Chapter  11)


Augmented Reality Local Area Network Close Loop Control Sequence Diagram Close Loop Control System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

©  Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Computer StudiesInstitute of Business AdministrationKarachiPakistan
  2. 2.University of Management and TechnologyLahorePakistan
  3. 3.School of Engineering and DesignBrunel University MiddleseUK

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