Pd-based Selective Membrane State-of-the-Art

  • A. Basile
  • A. Iulianelli
  • T. Longo
  • S. Liguori
  • Marcello De Falco


Dense palladium-based membrane reactors represent as an alternative solution to the conventional systems for pure hydrogen production, assuring important benefits in terms of efficiency and compactness. As a main scope, this chapter will give an overview on the general classification of the membranes, paying particular attention to the palladium-based membranes and their applications, pointing out the most important benefits and the drawback due to their use. Finally, the application of palladium-based membranes in the area of the membrane reactors will be illustrated and such reaction processes in the issue of hydrogen production will be discussed.


Methane Conversion Pure Hydrogen Glycerol Conversion Palladium Alloy Ethanol Steam 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Acetic acid steam reforming


Bioethanol steam reforming


Chemical vapour deposition


Electroless plating deposition




Ethanol steam reforming


Electrochemical vapour deposition


Fixed bed reactor


Glycerol steam reforming


High temperature reactor


International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry


Low temperature reactor


Molecular layering


Membrane reactor


Magnetron sputtering


Methane steam reforming


Proton exchange membrane fuel cell


Partial oxidation of methane


Pressure swing adsorption


Physical vapour deposition


Methanol steam reforming


Water gas shift


Weight hourly space velocity

List of Symbols


Diffusion coefficient


Pore diameter


Apparent activation energy


Geometrical factor


Flux or permeation rate

\( J_{{{\text{H}}_{2} ,{\text{Sieverts} {-} {\text{Fick}}}}} \)

Hydrogen flux through the membrane according to Sieverts–Fick law

\( J_{{{\text{H}}_{2} }} \)

Hydrogen flux through the membrane


Flux of the i-species across the membrane


Mass flux


Molecular weight of the i-species


Dependence factor of the hydrogen flux on the hydrogen partial pressure



\( Pe_{{{\text{H}}_{2} }}^{0} \)

The pre-exponential factor

\( Pe_{{{\text{H}}_{2} }} \)

The hydrogen permeability

\( p_{{{\text{H}}_{2} ,{\text{perm}}}} \)

Hydrogen partial pressures at the permeate side

\( p_{{{\text{H}}_{2} ,{\text{ret}}}} \)

Hydrogen partial pressures at the retentate side


Universal gas constant


Absolute temperature


Coordinate perpendicular to the transport barrier

\( \Updelta H_{{298\,{\text{K}}}}^{\circ } \)

Enthalpy variation in standard conditions


Pressure difference of species


Ideal separation factor or selectivity


Membrane thickness


Pore diameter


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Basile
    • 1
  • A. Iulianelli
    • 2
  • T. Longo
  • S. Liguori
  • Marcello De Falco
  1. 1.Institute on Membrane Technology of National Research Council (ITM-CNR)RendeItaly
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity Campus Bio-Medico of RomeRomeItaly

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