Agents and New Directions
In this chapter, computer simulation approaches in addition to discrete event simulation are described. The focus is primarily on agent-based modeling which is defined as the activity of simulating system-wide properties as they derive from the actions and interactions of autonomous entities. This contrasts with system dynamics and other differential equation-based modeling including finite element methods (FEM). In FEMs, e.g., there are relatively few entities and the interplay of physical or cognitive forces dominates.