Case Study B: Fuel Cell Power Train for Cars

  • Pasquale Corbo
  • Fortunato Migliardini
  • Ottorino Veneri
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


This chapter reports the results of an experimental analysis on a 30 kW fuel cell power train for city cars. The electric energy is generated by using a laboratory fuel cell system (FCS) based on a 20 kW H2/air PEM stack, realized taking into account the design criteria discussed in  Chap. 4. The FCS experimental characterization provides results about the effect of different operative parameters on stack performance, and indications regarding the causes of energy losses associated with auxiliary components of the FCS. Moreover, reactant feeding, membrane humidification, and cooling issues are discussed, evidencing in particular the role of air compressor, fuel purge, temperature control, and humidification strategy in stack management in both steady state and dynamic conditions. The dynamic performance of the whole fuel cell traction system are tested on the European R40 driving cycle, evaluating the effect of different hybrid configurations on efficiency of single subsystems and of the overall propulsion system.


Stoichiometric Ratio Electric Drive Cell Voltage Acceleration Phase Fuel Cell System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Larminie J, Dicks A (2000) Fuel cell systems explained. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kulp G, Nelson DJ (2000) A comparison of two fuel cell air compression systems at low load. SAE Trans J Pass Cars: Electron Electr Syst 110(7):660–669Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Corbo P, Migliardini F, Veneri O (2007) Experimental analysis and management issues of a hydrogen fuel cell system for stationary and mobile applications. Energy Convers Manag 48:2365–2374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Philipps F, Simons G, Schiefer K (2006) Dynamic investigation of PEFC stacks in interaction with the air supply system. J Power Sources 154:412–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Corbo P, Migliardini F, Veneri O (2008) An experimental study of a PEM fuel cell power train for urban bus application. J Power Sources 181:363–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Corbo P, Migliardini F, Veneri O (2009) Dynamic behaviour of hydrogen fuel cells for automotive application. Renew Energy 34:1955–1961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    European directive 91/441/EECGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ouyang M, Xu L, Li J, Lu L, Gao D, Xie Q (2006) Performance comparison of two fuel cell hybrid buses with different powertrain and energy management strategies. J Power Sources 163:467–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Corbo P, Migliardini F, Veneri O (2009) PEFC stacks as power sources for hybrid propulsion systems. Int J Hydrogen Energ 34:4635–4644CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited  2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasquale Corbo
    • 1
  • Fortunato Migliardini
    • 1
  • Ottorino Veneri
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto Motori of Italian National Research CouncilNaplesItaly

Personalised recommendations