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Hydrogen as Future Energy Carrier

  • Ottorin Veneri
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

The use of hydrogen has the potential of strongly reducing the impact of mobility on global warming and urban air pollution, overcoming the present dependence of transportation means on oil. Hydrogen is not a primary source but it is an energy carrier that can be produced starting from any primary sources, included fossil, renewable and nuclear. However criticalities related to production costs, absence of massive distribution networks and low capacity of existent on-board storage devices limit its diffusion, in particular in the transportation sector. The different methods for hydrogen production and storage are discussed in this chapter, together with the main infrastructure concerns. The analysis of production technologies takes into account the role of different primary resources, while the possible development of hydrogen distribution networks is discussed considering their correlation with the production methods. The potentialities and the barriers of different hydrogen storage approaches are detailed evidencing the need of matching the severe vehicle range requirements, today satisfied by liquid fuels.

Keywords

Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Storage Coal Gasification Pressure Swing Adsorption Water Electrolysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited  2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istituto Motori of Italian National Research CouncilNaplesItaly

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