The Hardy–Weinberg law (1908)

  • Nicolas Bacaër


In 1908 the British mathematician Hardy and the German medical doctor Weinberg independently discovered that in an infinitely large population that mates randomly according to Mendel’s laws, the frequencies of the genotypes obtained from two alleles remain constant through generations. Their mathematical model was one of the starting points for population genetics.


Pure Mathematic Recessive Allele Arbitrary Initial Condition Divergent Series Equilibrium Frequency 
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Further reading

  1. 1.
    Hardy, G.H.: Mendelian proportions in a mixed population. Science 28, 49–50 (1908). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hardy, G.H.: A Mathematician’s Apology. Foreword by C.P. Snow. Cambridge University Press (1967).
  3. 3.
    Punnett, R.C.: Mendelism, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press (1907).
  4. 4.
    Stern, C.: The Hardy–Weinberg law. Science 97, 137–138 (1943) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stern, C.: Wilhelm Weinberg 1862–1937. Genetics 47, 1–5 (1962) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Titchmarsh, E.C.: Godfrey Harold Hardy, 1877–1947. Obit. Not. Fellows R. Soc. 6, 446–461 (1949) CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Weinberg, W.: Über den Nachweis der Vererbung beim Menschen. Jahresh. Wuertt. Ver. vaterl. Natkd.64,  369–382 (1908). Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IRD (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)BondyFrance

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