Strategies and Roadmaps to Meet Grid Challenges for Safety and Reliability

  • Vahid Madani
  • Roger L. King
Part of the Springer Series in Reliability Engineering book series (RELIABILITY)


The electric power grid is a highly complex system with unique challenges for ensuring safety and reliability of operations. The high degree of interconnectivity and dynamism of loads, sources, and lines has introduced vulnerability. These challenges include such factors as: aging infrastructure, transmission expansion to meet growing demands, distributed resources, congestion management, reliability coordination, renewable energy integration, etc. Other challenges facing the industry include balancing between resource adequacy, safety, reliability, economics, environmental constraints, and other public purpose objectives to optimize transmission and distribution resources to meet the needs of the end users. This paper describes some strategies to meet grid challenges in providing reliable power delivery. Solutions are offered through applications of modern technology, advanced feedback control schemes using wide-area measurements, wide-area visualization techniques, and intelligent operational tools using IEC-61850 and information semantics to improve grid reliability under complicated power system conditions. The goal is to provide a vision for a comprehensive and systematic approach to meeting the grid safety and reliability management challenges through new information services.


Power System Geographic Information System Smart Grid Optimal Power Flow Phasor Measurement Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Hines P, Apt J, Liao H, Talukdar S (2006) The frequency of large blackouts in the United States electrical transmission system: an empirical study. Carnegie MellonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Madani V, Novosel D (2005) Getting a grip on the grid. IEEE Spectr Mag 42(12):42–47 (December)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Madani V, Higinbotham W (2007) Advantages in Modern Communications as applied to Remedial Action Schemes and Control Centers, International Institute for Research and Education in Power Systems, AugustGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Novosel D (2005) IEE international conference on energy trading and risk management, UK, NovemberGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Madani V, Novosel D, Apostolov A, Corsi S (2004) Innovative solutions for preventing wide area disturbance propagation. In: International institute for research and education in power systems (IREP) symposium proceedings, AugustGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Khorashadi-Zadeh H, Zuyi L, Madani V Artificial intelligence and fuzzy logic concepts for adaptive dependable and secure protection systems (for electric power system)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Horowitz SH, Phadke AG (2003) Boosting immunity to blackouts. Power and Energy Magazine 1(5):47–53 (September/October)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    NERC Recommendations to August 14, 2003 Blackout—prevent and mitigate the impacts of future cascading blackouts.
  9. 9.
    Phadke A (2009) Wide area measurements for improved protection of power systems. In: Proceedings of the innovations in protection and control for greater reliability infrastructure development (i-PCGRID-2009), March, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Thorp J, Bernabeu E (2009) Adaptive security and dependability with PMUs. In: Proceedings of the innovations in protection and control for Greater Reliability Infrastructure Development (i-PCGRID-2009), March, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Madani V, Novosel D, Zhang P, Meliopoulos A, King R (2006) Vision in protection and control area. In: Meeting the challenges of 21st century, IEEE PSCEGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Myrda P, Tates D, Udren E, and Novosel D (2006) Optimal strategies for system-wide protection and control replacement programs. CIGRE, Paris, AugustGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dahal N, Mohan V, Durbha S, Srivastava A, King R, Younan N, and Schulz N (2009) Wide area monitoring using common information model and sensor web. In: Power systems conference and exposition, MarchGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Reder W, Madani V, King R, Venkata M (2007) The challenges and opportunities to meet the workforce demand in the electric power and energy profession. In: IEEE VDE conference on meeting the growing demand for engineers and their educators 2010–2020, NovemberGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Department of Energy, Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry: A Report to the United States Congress Pursuant to Section 1101 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, August 2006,
  16. 16.
    North American Electric Reliability Corp (2006) Long-term reliability assessment, October 2006.
  17. 17.
    Athreya D (2007) Shortages of qualified faculty. In: First Indo-US Collaboration for engineering education, Mysore, India, 5 JuneGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Gas and ElectricOaklandUSA
  2. 2.Mississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA

Personalised recommendations