Application-Level Interoperability Across Grids and Clouds

  • Shantenu JhaEmail author
  • Andre Luckow
  • Andre Merzky
  • Miklos Erdely
  • Saurabh Sehgal
Part of the Computer Communications and Networks book series (CCN)


Application-level interoperability is defined as the ability of an application to utilize multiple distributed heterogeneous resources. Such interoperability is becoming increasingly important with increasing volumes of data, multiple sources of data as well as resource types. The primary aim of this chapter is to understand different ways in which application-level interoperability can be provided across distributed infrastructure. We achieve this by (i) using the canonical wordcount application, based on an enhanced version of MapReduce that scales-out across clusters, clouds, and HPC resources, (ii) establishing how SAGA enables the execution of wordcount application using MapReduce and other programming models such as Sphere concurrently, and (iii) demonstrating the scale-out of ensemble-based biomolecular simulations across multiple resources. We show user-level control of the relative placement of compute and data and also provide simple performance measures and analysis of SAGA–MapReduce when using multiple, different, heterogeneous infrastructures concurrently for the same problem instance. Finally, we discuss Azure and some of the system-level abstractions that it provides and show how it is used to support ensemble-based biomolecular simulations.


Virtual Machine File System Physical Node Chunk Size Distribute File System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



SJ acknowledges UK EPSRC grant number GR/D0766171/1 for supporting SAGA and the e-Science Institute, Edinburgh for the research theme “Distributed Programming Abstractions.” SJ also acknowledges financial support from NSF-Cybertools and NIH-INBRE Grants, while ME acknowledges support from the grant OTKA NK 72845. We also acknowledge internal resources of the Center for Computation & Technology (CCT) at LSU and computer resources provided by LONI/TeraGrid for QueenBee. We thank Chris Miceli, Michael Miceli, Katerina Stamou, Hartmut Kaiser, and Lukasz Lacinski for their collaborative efforts on early parts of this work. We thank Mario Antonioletti and Neil Chue Hong for supporting this work through GSoC-2009 (OMII-UK Mentor Organization).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shantenu Jha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andre Luckow
    • 1
  • Andre Merzky
    • 1
  • Miklos Erdely
    • 2
  • Saurabh Sehgal
    • 1
  1. 1.Louisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.University of PannoniaVeszpremHungary

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