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Environmental Aspects of Manufacturing Processes

  • R. Venkata Rao
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing book series (SSAM)

Abstract

Nowadays, ever-increasing environmental problems are becoming a serious threat to the survival and development of society. After the publishing of ISO 9000 quality management standards, the ISO 14000 environmental management system standards, and the OHSAS 18001 occupational health and safety assessment series, one of our greatest strategic challenges is to apply the three series integrated into a management system in enterprises, not only from an engineering but also from a business and marketing perspective. The manufacturing industry is one of the main roots of environmental pollution. Therefore, minimizing the environmental impact of the manufacturing industry has become an important topic for all manufacturers. During these critical times, an advanced manufacturing mode, green manufacturing, suitable for a sustainable development strategy has been presented.

There is a growing interest in green manufacturing [also called environmentally conscious manufacturing (ECM)]. The current focus on green manufacturing is different from the traditional focus on pollution control. Here, the emphasis is on life cycle assessment (LCA). Products or processes are seen as interacting with the environment, and could have chain reaction effects on environmental pollution. Thus, rather than looking at any product or process in isolation, the manufacturer needs to adopt a cradle-to-grave approach for the product or process. For example, how much energy is expended in unit product manufacturing, how much resources are used, how much waste is created, and what are the product requirements for transportation and distribution? These are not issues that product designers are accustomed to considering. Their traditional role has been to look at the product on its own, and design products that meet specific guidelines and that may become environmental pollution laws. Today’s focus is different. Manufacturers must take a product stewardship approach, and this will predict their survival in today’s competitive environment [33].

Keywords

Tool Wear Molybdenum Disulfide Tool Life Flank Wear Solid Lubricant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringS.V. National Institute of TechnologySuratIndia

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