• P. V. Ananda Mohan
Part of the Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology book series (MSSET)


In this chapter, various techniques available for the design of integrated filters will be briefly introduced. These can be continuous-time or discrete-time types. Continuous-time filters are based on opamps together with resistors and capacitors. The filters using OTAs and capacitors are also considered. An alternative class of continuous-time filters operates in log-domain. In some designs, resistors in active RC filters using opamps are replaced by MOS transistors. SC filters, on the other hand, are sample-data filters and replace resistors with switches and capacitors. In order to meet high-frequency and low-voltage requirements, filters can be realized with current input and current output. These also use resistors and capacitors but use current mode devices such as current conveyor. These are also briefly introduced in this chapter to establish a setting for progressing further in the book.


Parasitic Capacitance Power Supply Voltage Current Conveyor Analog Filter Switch Capacitor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. [1.1]
    Abidi, A.A.: RF CMOS comes of age. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuit 39, 549–561 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [1.2]
    Biolek, D., Senani, R., Biolkova, V., Kolka, Z.: Active elements for analog signal processing. Radio Eng. 17, 15–32 (2008)Google Scholar
  3. [1.3]
    Tsividis, Y.: Continuous-time filters in telecommunication chips. IEEE Communication Magazine 39, 132–137 (2001)Google Scholar
  4. [1.4]
    Banu, M., Tsividis, Y.: Fully integrated active RC filters in MOS technology. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuit SC-18, 644–651 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [1.5]
    Tsividis, Y., Banu, M., Khoury, J.: Continuous-time MOSFET-C filters in VLSI. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits SC-21, 15–30 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [1.6]
    Tsividis, Y.: Integrated continuous-time filter design-an overview. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 29, 166–176 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [1.7]
    Allstot, D.J., Black Jr., W.C.: Technological design considerations for monolithic MOS switched-capacitor filtering systems. Proc. IEEE 71, 967–986 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [1.8]
    McCreary, J.L.: Matching properties, and voltage and temperature dependence of MOS capacitors. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits SC-16, 608–616 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [1.9]
    Ghausi, M.S.: Analog active filters. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. CAS-31, 13–31 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [1.10]
    Razavi, B.: CMOS technology characterization for analog and RF design. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits SC-34(3), 268–276 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [1.11]
    Nguyen, N.N., Meyer, R.G.: Si IC compatible inductors and LC passive filters. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits SC-25, 1028–1031 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [1.12]
    Pipilos, S., Tsividis, Y.P., Fenk, J., Papananos, Y.: A Si 1.8 GHz RLC filter with tunable pole-frequency and quality factor. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits SC-31, 1517–1524 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [1.13]
    Durham, A.M., Hughes, J.B., Redman-White, W.: Circuit architectures for high linearity monolithic continuous-time filtering. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. 39, 651–657 (1992)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [1.14]
    Brand, J.R., Schaumann, R.: Active R filters: review of theory and practice. IEE J. Electron Circuits Syst. 2, 89–101 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [1.15]
    Radhakrishna Rao, K., Sethuraman, V., Neelakantan, P.K.: A novel ‘follow the master’ filter. Proc. IEEE 65, 1725–1726 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [1.16]
    Fried, D.L.: Analog sampled-data filters. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits SC-7, 302–304 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [1.17]
    Brodersen, R.W., Gray, P.R., Hodges, D.A.: MOS switched capacitor filters. Proc. IEEE 67, 61–64 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [1.18]
    Gregorian, R., Martin, K.W., Temes, G.C.: Switched capacitor circuit design. Proc. IEEE 71, 941–966 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [1.19]
    Frey, D.R.: Log domain filtering for RF applications. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 31, 1468–1475 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [1.20]
    Toumazou, C., Lidgey, J., Haigh, D. (eds.): Analogue IC Design: The Current-Mode Approach. IEE, London (1990)Google Scholar
  21. [1.21]
    Smith, K.C., Sedra, A.S.: The current conveyor – a new circuit building block. Proc. IEEE 56, 353–365 (1968)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electronics Corporation of India, Ltd.BangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations