The Formalism of the Calculus of Variations

  • Mariano Giaquinta
  • Giuseppe Modica


One of the most beautiful and widely spread paradigms of science and mathematics in particular is that of minimum principles. It is strongly related to the everyday principle of economy of means and to the research of optimal strategies to realize our goals. Therefore, it is not surprising that since the beginning minimum principles have been used to formulate laws of nature.We have already seen a few examples in Chapter 6 of [GM1] and in this volume.


Hamiltonian System Lagrange Equation Lagrangian Formalism Canonical Transformation Jacobi Equation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scuola Normale SuperiorePisaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Sistemi e InformaticaUniversità di FirenzeFirenzeItaly

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