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Topological Structures

  • Carlos S. Kubrusly
Chapter

Abstract

The basic concept behind the subject of point-set topology is the notion of “closeness” between two points in a set X. In order to get a numerical gauge of how close together two points in X may be, we shall provide an extra structure to X, viz., a topological structure, that again goes beyond its purely settheoretic structure. For most of our purposes the notion of closeness associated with a metric will be sufficient, and this leads to the concept of “metric space”: a set upon which a “metric” is defined. The metric-space structure that a set acquires when a metric is defined on it is a special kind of topological structure. Metric spaces comprise the kernel of this chapter, but general topological spaces are also introduced.

Keywords

Open Subset Topological Space Topological Structure Triangle Inequality Open Ball 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrical Engineering DepartmentCatholic University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil

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