• Arjun K. Gupta
  • Wei-Bin Zeng
  • Yanhong Wu


There are phenomena from an experiment on a target “population” that are deterministic, in the sense that when we observe them, we are absolutely sure about their outcomes. However, there are other phenomena that are nondeterministic. More often than not, the quantitative or categorical outcomes of interest induced from the phenomena will not be predictable. Probability and statistics are the branches of knowledge dealing with such stochastic phenomena and uncertainties.


Moment Generate Function Residual Life Nonnegative Random Variable Continuous Distribution Function Joint Density Function 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and StatisticsBowling Green State UniversityBowling GreenUSA
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsUniversity of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsCalifornia State University StanislausTurlockUSA

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