Disturbance Observer Based Control: Aerospace Applications

  • Yuri Shtessel
  • Christopher Edwards
  • Leonid Fridman
  • Arie Levant
Part of the Control Engineering book series (CONTRENGIN)


The practical implementation of sliding mode controllers usually assumes knowledge of all system states. It also typically requires information (at least in terms of the boundaries) about the combined effect of drift terms, i.e., the internal and external disturbances of the system. In this chapter a feedback linearization-like technique is used for obtaining the input–output dynamics and reducing all disturbances to the matched ones. Then the sliding variables are introduced and their dynamics are derived. The higher-order sliding mode differentiator-based observer, which was discussed in Chap. 7, is used to the estimate system states, the derivatives of the sliding variables, as well as the drift terms. Therefore, in finite time, all information about the sliding variable dynamics becomes available. The estimated drift term is then used in the feedback loop to compensate the disturbances. The observed states are then used to design any (continuous) robust state-space controller while eliminating the chattering effect. Two case studies, launch vehicle and satellite formation control, illustrate the discussed robust control technique.


Output Tracking Bounded Disturbance Guidance Command Reusable Launch Vehicle Acceleration Command 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuri Shtessel
    • 1
  • Christopher Edwards
    • 2
  • Leonid Fridman
    • 3
  • Arie Levant
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of Alabama in HuntsvilleHuntsvilleUSA
  2. 2.College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical ScienceUniversity of ExeterExeterUK
  3. 3.Department of Control Division of Electrical EngineeringFaculty of Engineering National Autonomous University of MexicoFederal DistrictMexico
  4. 4.Department of Applied Mathematics School of Mathematical SciencesTel-Aviv UniversityTel-AvivIsrael

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