Introduction and Historical Background
Numbers have exerted a fascination on the human mind since the beginnings of recorded history. Among the treasures of Egyptian antiquity we find the famous Rhind papyrus , which tells us about the mathematics practiced in Egypt almost 2000 years B.c. Still older cuneiform tablets (see ) show us that arithmetic, at least, was already quite sophisticated in Mesopotamia at the end of the third millenium b.c.
KeywordsNumber Theory Entire Function Prime Number Historical Background Diophantine Equation
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