Last Years

  • Michael Monastyrsky
Part of the Modern Birkhäuser Classics book series (MBC)


In July 1862 Riemann married Elise Koch, a friend of his sister. This marriage brightened the last years of his life. In the fall of 1862 he caught a serious cold and tuberculosis set in. Riemann spent his last years almost entirely in Italy. Thanks to a petition of Weber and Sartorius von Waltershausen, known for his work on Mt. Etna, he received government subsidies on three occasions for recuperation. He returned to Göttingen, but the climate was too severe for him, and he did not attempt to give lectures. Riemann's last trip to Italy coincided with the beginning of the Seven Weeks' War between Hannover and Prussia. He arrived in Italy on June 28, 1866, the day Hannover capitulated.


Italian School Auditory Sensation Treasure Trove Foreign Member Paris Academy 


  1. 1.
    Riemann, B. Gesammelte Mathematische Werke, p. 338.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Borchardt, Kronecker and Weierstrass mentioned the following papers: “Über die Anzahl der Primzahlen unter einer gegebenen Grösse” (On the number of primes less than a given quantity), “Über die Fortpflanzung ebener Luftwellen von endlicher Schwingungsweite.” (“On the propagation of planar air waves of finite amplitude”), “Ein Beitrag zu den Untersuchungen über die Bewegung eines flüssigen gleichartigen Ellipsoid” (“A contribution to the study of the motion of a liquid ellipsoid of revolution”).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Riemann, B. Gesammelte Mathematische Werke, p. 558.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ibid., p. 558.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Monastyrsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Theoretical PhysicsInsitute for Theoretical and Experimental PhysicsMoscowRussia

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