In the preceding chapters I have tried to give the reader an idea of some areas of physics in which topological methods have proved useful. I have tried to show that topological ideas are exceptionally close to modern (and not only modern) ideas in physics.
KeywordsMinimal Surface Landau Level Quantum Hall Effect Hall Conductivity Membrane Theory
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- 1.Charges with even denominators were found later (n = 3/2, 5/2). For this discovery, H.L. Störnier, D.C. Tsui, and theoretician R. Laughlin, were awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize in physics.Google Scholar