Systems with Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking
Many physical systems, seemingly quite different from one another, turn out to be susceptible to investigation by certain topological methods. The phenomenon that unifies such physically different systems as liquid crystals, magnetism, and superfluid helium, is called spontaneous symmetry breaking. It underlies many contemporary concepts in the theory of elementary particles, the theory of phase transitions, and a number of problems of cosmology.
KeywordsPhase Transition Liquid Crystal Symmetry Group Magnetization Vector Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking
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