Solutions to Exercises



This is a competing species model. There are four critical points in the first quadrant at O = (0, 0), P = (0, 3), Q = (2, 0), and R = (1, 1). The point O is an unstable node, P and Q are both stable nodes, and R is a saddle point. There is mutual exclusion and one of the species will become extinct depending on the initial populations.


Saddle Point Mutual Exclusion Stable Limit Cycle Solution Curve Stable Node 
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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Boston 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computing and MathematicsManchester Metropolitan UniversityManchesterUK

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