Integral Transform Methods with Applications
The linear superposition principle is one of the most effective and elegant methods to represent solutions of partial differential equations in terms of eigenfunctions or Green’s functions. More precisely, the eigenfunction expansion method expresses the solution as an infinite series, whereas the integral solution can be obtained by integral superposition or by using Green’s functions with initial and boundary conditions. The latter offers several advantages over eigenfunction expansion. First, an integral representation provides a direct way of describing the general analytical structure of a solution that may be obscured by an infinite series representation. Second, from a practical point of view, the evaluation of a solution from an integral representation may prove simpler than finding the sum of an infinite series, particularly near rapidly-varying features of a function, where the convergence of an eigenfunction expansion is expected to be slow. Third, in view of the Gibbs phenomenon discussed in Chapter 6, the integral representation seems to be less stringent requirements on the functions that describe the initial conditions or the values of a solution are required to assume on a given boundary than expansions based on eigenfunctions.
KeywordsFractional Derivative Laplace Transform Dirac Delta Function Convolution Theorem Impulse Function
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