Advertisement

Evolutionary Cultural Ethics and the Circumcision of Children

  • Nahid F. Toubia

Abstract

As I was pondering how I could contribute meaningfully to the rich programme that is being presented in this symposium, I realised that I have two audiences. The first audience comprises the participants in this symposium and those activists who belong to human rights’ organisations and established constituencies. Like myself, this group agrees that circumcision—that is, the genital mutilation of girls and boys—is wrong despite its widespread practice. We feel obliged to do something to stop it. Some of us may disagree on a wide variety of issues, ranging from terminology to strategies. I hope that my contribution will lead to a better understanding of our commonalities as well as our differences. I also hope to initiate a process that will help us overcome these differences and make compromises that will make us, individually and collectively, more effective in achieving the goal of stopping these practices.

Keywords

Male Circumcision Female Genital Mutilation Penile Cancer Bodily Integrity Female Circumcision 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    For a discussion on some of my personal views and my organisation’s position on the terminology please refer to the Statement of Values available from RAINB♀ and from our website at http://WWW.RAINBO.org
  2. 2.
    Cockshut RW. Circumcision. BMJ 1935;2:764.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wynder EL, Cornfield J, Schrott PD, Doraiswami KR. A study of environmental factors in carcinoma of the cervix. Am J Obstet Gynecof 1954;68:1016–52.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dagher R, Selzer ML, Lapides J Carcinoma of the penis and the anti-circumcision crusade. J Urol 1973;110:79–80.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Schoen EJ. The relationship between circumcision and cancer of the penis. CA Cancer J Clin 1991;41:306–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moses S, Bradley JE, Nagelkerke NJ, Ronald AR, Ndinya-Achola JO, Plummer FA. Geographical patterns of male circumcision practices in Africa: association with HIV seroprevalence. Int J Epidemiol 1990;19:693–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Scull A, Favreau D. The clitoridectomy craze. Social Research 1986;53(2):243–60.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Duffy J. Masturbation and clitoridectomy: a nineteenth-century view. JAMA 1963;186:246–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Barker-Benfield GJ. The Horrors of the Half-Known Life: Male Attitudes toward Women and Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Harper and Row. 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nahid F. Toubia

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations