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Androgens and Behavior in Men

  • G. M. Alexander
Part of the Mineralogical Society Series book series (ENDO, volume 5)

Abstract

In most mammalian species, androgens play an important role in the development and maintenance of sex-typed behavior. Sex steroids acting during fetal life are critical for sexual differentiation of the brain and development of sex-appropriate internal and external genitalia (Wilson et al, 1981). Exposure to androgens secreted by the testes during critical periods of fetal development is necessary for the masculinization and defeminization of brain areas (Arnold and Gorski, 1984), most notably in the preoptic area and ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (Goy and McEwen, 1980; MacLusky and Naftolin, 1981). One area of hormone-behavior research is focused on this “hardwiring” of the brain substrates of sexually dimorphic behavior, termed “organizational effects”. A second area of hormone-behavior research is focused on sexually dimorphic behavior patterns in postnatal development, which usually depend to some degree on circulating levels of gonadal steroids acting on mediating brain areas and possibly also peripheral effects of sex hormones, termed “activational effects” (Young et al, 1964).

Keywords

Sexual Behavior Sexual Arousal Androgen Level Sexual Stimulus Testosterone Replacement Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Alexander
    • 1
  1. 1.University of New OrleansNew Orleans

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