Once a Week Transdermal Estrogen—Quality of Life Improvement in Long-Term Replacement Therapy: Newest Findings

  • Patrick Marquis
  • Ch. Lademacher
  • H. Rozenbaum
Part of the Medical Science Symposia Series book series (MSSS, volume 13)


Menopause is characterized by the cessation of ovarian function, leading to permanent amenorrhoea and the absence of circulating estrogen in the systemic circulation [1]. Menopause has been viewed as a hormone deficiency or as a natural aging process in women. Nevertheless, it has been acknowledged to result in significant morbidity and mortality and associated reduction in quality of life [2]. All women who live long enough will experience menopause. The average age of menopause remains stable at around 50 years of age, and with increased life expectancy in the industrialized world, women may expect to live one third of their lifetime after menopause [3].


Hormone Replacement Therapy Vasomotor Symptom Sickness Impact Profile Climacteric Symptom Menstrual Symptom 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers and Fondazione Giovanni Lorenzini 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Marquis
  • Ch. Lademacher
  • H. Rozenbaum

There are no affiliations available

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