Logic as a timeless science
In his thorough history of logic Anton Dumitriu [1977 p. 11 fit] puts much emphasis on the significance of Francis Bacon (1561–1626). In Bacon’s attempt to establish experimental science and define its methods, he presented logic as a tool to be applied within the respective scientific disciplines, as well as a more general tool for analysing the conditions of each discipline. Thus Bacon emphasised the rôle of logic as methodology. This emphasis would eventually lead to the dissociation of logic from language, that very connection which in the Scholastic times had inter alia legitimised the study of propositions with time reference. Dumitriu attributes almost the same importance to the rôle of René Descartes (1596–1650) within post-Scholastic logic. In Descartes’ methodology, mathematics becomes a model for all of science. Since mathematical truths are in general considered to be independent of and without reference to time, Descartes’ point of view also seemed to motivate that time be neglected in logic. One of the great Cartesians, Malebranche (1638–1715) wrote, in his Recherche de la vérité:
La vérité est incréée, immuable, éternelle, au-dessus de toutes choses. [Risse 1970, p.110]
KeywordsExperimental Science Formal Rule Predicate Logic Individual Substance Pure Reason
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