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Environmental and Economic Impacts of Reducing U.S. Agricultural Pesticide Use

  • David Pimentel
  • Lori McLaughlin
  • Andrew Zepp
  • Benyamin Lakitan
  • Tamara Kraus
  • Peter Kleinman
  • Fabius Vancini
  • W. John Roach
  • Ellen Graap
  • William S. Keeton
  • Gabe Selig

Abstract

Several studies suggest that it is technologically feasible to reduce pesticide use in the United States 35—50% without reducing crop yields (PSAC, 1965; OTA, 1979; NAS, 1989; Palladino, 1989). Two recent events in Denmark and Sweden support these assessments. Denmark developed an action plan in 1985 to reduce the use of pesticides 50% before 1997 (Mogensen, 1989). Sweden also approved a program in 1988 to reduce pesticide use by 50% within 5 years (NBA, 1988). The Netherlands is developing a program to reduce pesticide use 50% in 10 years (Süddeutsche Zeitung, 1989). These proposals, along with Huffaker’s (1980) assessment that the United States overuses pesticides, prompted us to investigate the feasibility of reducing the annual use of synthetic organic pesticides by approximately one-half.

Keywords

Sweet Potato Pest Control Weed Control Integrate Pest Management Colorado Potato Beetle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Routledge, Chapman & Hall, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Pimentel
    • 1
  • Lori McLaughlin
    • 2
  • Andrew Zepp
    • 3
  • Benyamin Lakitan
    • 4
  • Tamara Kraus
    • 5
  • Peter Kleinman
    • 3
  • Fabius Vancini
    • 5
  • W. John Roach
    • 6
  • Ellen Graap
    • 5
  • William S. Keeton
    • 5
  • Gabe Selig
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Entomology and Section of Ecology and SystematicsNew York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Cornell UniversityIthaca
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyCornell UniversityIthaca
  3. 3.Department of Natural ResourcesCornell UniversityIthaca
  4. 4.Department of Vegetable ScienceCornell UniversityIthaca
  5. 5.New York State College of Agriculture and Life SciencesCornell UniversityIthaca
  6. 6.College of Arts and SciencesCornell UniversityIthaca

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