Haemodialysers and Associated Devices

  • Nicholas A. Hoenich
  • Celia Woffindin
  • Claudio Ronco


The principle of haemodialysis is simple. Blood and dialysis fluid are circulated on opposite sides of a semipermeable membrane which permits the passage of metabolites elevated as a consequence of renal failure but restricts the transfer of blood proteins and formed elements. The device containing the semi-permeable membrane is the haemodialyser. Removal of water occurs by control of the hydrostatic pressure gradient across the membrane and may be supplemented by increasing the dialysis fluid osmolality by the addition of glucose


Ethylene Oxide Blood Flow Rate Artif Organ Nephrol Dial Transplant Dialysis Fluid 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicholas A. Hoenich
    • 1
  • Celia Woffindin
    • 2
  • Claudio Ronco
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Medical SchoolUniversity of Newcastle upon TyneNewcastle-upon-TyneEngland
  2. 2.Renal UnitRoyal Victoria InfirmaryNewcastle upon TyneEngland
  3. 3.Department of NephrologySt. Bortolo HospitalVicenzaItaly

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