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Automated Peritoneal Dialysis

  • Jose A. Diaz-Buxo

Abstract

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) was first used in clinical practice by Ganter in 1923 (1). The early experiences used a continuous flow and an intermittent technique with manual exchanges. Although the continuous technique gained popularity during the first two decades of clinical application, intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) became the predominant method by the 1940’s (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13). The predilection for IPD was mostly due to the need for only one peritoneal catheter while the continuous technique required two. By the 1960’s IPD was well established and markedly improved (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19). Its use for the treatment of acute and chronic renal failure was well accepted. However, the manual procedures were time consuming and expensive since they required the supervision of medical personnel

Keywords

Peritoneal Dialysis Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Nephrol Dial Transplant Dialysate Flow Automate Peritoneal Dialysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jose A. Diaz-Buxo
    • 1
  1. 1.Metrolina Nephrology Associates P.A.CharlotteUSA

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