Advertisement

Case study: the Government sector

  • D. A. Everest

Abstract

Public concern regarding the protection and improvement of the environment* is a growing political pressure concentrated mainly, but not exclusively, in the economically advanced countries, with environmental protection increasingly being presented as a moral issue. This viewpoint is reflected in the UK Government environment White Paper (1990) which states (para. 1.14) that ‘the starting point in this Government is the ethical imperative of stewardship which must underline all environmental policies’, and that ‘we have a moral duty to look after our planet and to hand it on in good order to future generations’. These principles are expressed in the term ‘sustainable development’: not sacrificing tomorrow’s development for an often illusory gain today. The Government considers that to achieve this end required the full integration of environmental considerations into economic policy, and that economic development and environmental protection need not be irrevocably opposing principles. Development provides the wealth to invest in cleaner methods of production and to husband natural resources.

Keywords

Carbon Dioxide Emission United Nations Environment Programme Vehicle Emission Government Sector Royal Commission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Annual Review of Government Funded Research and Development (1989) Cabinet Office, HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  2. Boehmer-Christiansen, S.A. (1990) Vehicle Emission Regulation in Europe — The Demise of Lean-Burn Engines, the Polluter Pays Principle … and the Small Car?, Energy and Environment, 1, 1–25.Google Scholar
  3. Boehmer-Christiansen, S.A. (1991) British Decision-Making on Vehicle Emissions: the Emerging Environmental Dimension, Energy and Environment, 1, 282–306.Google Scholar
  4. Brackley, P. (1987) Acid Deposition and Vehicle Emissions: European Environmental Pressures on Britain, Royal Institute of International Affairs, London.Google Scholar
  5. COMARE (Committee on Medical Aspects of Radiation) (1986) The Investigation of the Possible Increased Incidence of Cancer in West Cumbria, HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  6. COMARE (1988) Investigation of the possible increased incidence of leukaemia in young people near the Dounreay Nuclear Establishment, Caithness, Scotland, HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  7. Commonwealth Group of Experts (1989) Climate Change: Meeting the Challenge Report of the CGE, Commonwealth Secretariat, London.Google Scholar
  8. Davies, D.J.A. et al. (1990) Lead uptake and blood lead in two-year-old UK urban children. Total Environ., 90, 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Department of the Environment, Stratospheric Ozone Review Group, first report 1987, second report 1988, HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  10. Douglas, M. (1987) Risk Assessment According to the Social Sciences, Russell Sage Foundation, Chicago.Google Scholar
  11. Economic Community (1988) Directive 88/609/EC on Large Plant Emissions. This directive requires collective sulphur dioxide emission reductions of 20% by 1993, 40% by 1998 and 60% by 2003 based on 1980 emissions as baseline. Brussels, Luxembourg.Google Scholar
  12. Economic Community (1989) Directive 89/458/EC on Emissions from Motor Vehicles, Brussels, Luxembourg.Google Scholar
  13. Everest, D.A. (1988) The Greenhouse Effect: Issues for Policy Makers, Royal Institute of International Affairs, London.Google Scholar
  14. Everest, D.A. (1990) The provision of expert advice to Government: the role of advisory committees. Sci. Public Affairs, 4, 17–40.Google Scholar
  15. Grubb, M.J. (1990) Energy Policies and the Greenhouse Effect, vol. 1 Policy Appraisal, Royal Institute of International Affairs, London.Google Scholar
  16. (IPCC) Houghton, J.T., Jenkins, G.J. and Ephraums, J.J. (1990) Climate Change: The IPCC scientific assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  17. Medical Research Council (1985, 1988) The Neuropsychological Effects of Lead in Children — A Review of Recent Research 1979–83 and 1984–1988, London.Google Scholar
  18. Quinn, M.J. and Delves, H.T. (1989) The UK blood lead monitoring programme 1984–87: results for 1986. Hum. Toxicol., 8, 205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Roberts, L.E.J., Kay, R.C. and Wilkinson, A.J. (1990) Urbanisation and land planning: causes and effects of climate change, in Proceedings of Conference on Global Change: Effects on Tropical Forests, Agriculture, Urban and Industrial Ecosystems, Bangkok, Thailand.Google Scholar
  20. Royal Commission in Environmental Pollution (1983) Lead in the Environment, 9th Report of the RCEP, Cmnd 8852, HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  21. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution (1989) The Release of Genetically Engineered Organisms to the Environment, 13th Report of the RCEP, Cm 720, HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  22. Rutter, M. (1983) Low level lead exposure: sources, effects and implications, in Lead versus Health: Sources and Effects of Low Level Lead Exposure (eds M. Rutter and R. Jones), Wiley, Chichester.Google Scholar
  23. Weinberg, A. (1972) Science and Trans-Science. Minerva, 10, 209–213 (especially section on axiology in science).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. White Paper (1990) This Common Inheritance: Britain’s Environmental Strategy, CM 1200, HMSO, London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© R.J. Berry 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. A. Everest

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations