Research, the systematic investigation to establish facts and principles, is not usually associated with ethics, except in the presumption that researchers are honest. Ethical or moral questions concerning genetic manipulation or nuclear power or the like are regarded as exceptions from this generalization because the consequences of research in such areas can have major long-term effects on mankind. In practice, the decisions made by researchers and research managers repeatedly involve questions of ethics, i.e. ‘a professional code of practice which is considered correct’.
KeywordsNuclear Industry Environmental Radioactivity Natural Environment Research Council Contract Funding National Radiological Protection
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