The Text Encoding Initiative

  • C. M. Sperberg-McQueen
Part of the Linguistica Computazionale book series (LICO, volume 9)


This paper describes the goals and work of the Text Encoding Initiative, an international cooperative project to develop and disseminate guidelines for the encoding and interchange of electronic text for research purposes. It begins by outlining some basic problems which arise in the attempt to represent textual material in computers, and some problems which arise in the attempt to encourage the sharing and reuse of electronic textual resources. These problems provide the necessary background for a brief review of the origins and organization of the Text Encoding Initiative itself. Next, the paper describes the rationale for the the decision of the TEI to use the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) as the basis for its work. Finally, the work accomplished by the TEI is described in general terms, and some attempt made to clarify what the project has and has not accomplished.


Electronic Form Markup Language Electronic Text Language Corpus Standard Generalize Markup Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. [1]
    Association for Computers and the Humanities (ACH), Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), and Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing (ALLC), Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange, TEI P3, ed. C. M. Sperberg-McQueen and Lou Bumard, Chicago: Oxford, Text Encoding Initiative, 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. M. Sperberg-McQueen
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Illinois at ChicagoUSA

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