Critical Systems Thinking and Critical Social Theory
Habermas’s (1987b) revolutionary insight that all previous social theories had failed to grasp the life world-systemic nature of society brought to the fore the importance of the concept of system in sociophilosophical thought and theorizing. It is this insight that has motivated my interest in “scaffolding” much of my sociophilosophical thought and inquiry in this book with systems material. Indeed, half of Habermas’s monumental work on his Theory of Communicative Action is devoted to developing a critique of “functionalist reason” in modernity (a metaphorical way of referring to the “rationality” of systems functionalism).
KeywordsCritical Theory Critical System System Thinking Diversity Management Validity Claim
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