Fractal Noise in Breathing

  • Bernard Hoop
  • Melvin D. Burton
  • Homayoun Kazemi


Our understanding of respiration derives from applications of a variety of physical and life science disciplines, methods, and models to a critical physiological process: exchange and balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide. We know that breathing at rest arises from a diversity of interrelated and interactive physical and chemical mechanisms involving molecular and cellular processes in the brainstem which include-among other phenomena common to the central nervous system-metabolism, synaptic transmission of neurochemicals, neurochemical-mediated alteration of neural cell membrane potential, transmembrane ion conductance, neural electrical signal propagation, and neuromodulation by afferent chemoreceptive and mechanoreceptive inputs.


Fractal Dimension Tidal Volume Fractal Brownian Motion Brownian Particle Hurst Exponent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Hoop
    • 1
  • Melvin D. Burton
    • 1
  • Homayoun Kazemi
    • 1
  1. 1.Pulmonary and Critical Care UnitMedical Services Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBoston

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