A Framework for Assessing Participation

  • Mandy Brown


Participation has become one of the primary research issues in leading systems research. One of the main questions to be addressed is the choice between participation as a means to an end, or an end in itself. The choice criteria seem to be twofold: about efficiency and effectiveness of the decision-making process, and about the moral/ethical standing of each option. A framework that evaluates these two angles on participation has been developed, and forms the core of this chapter. The context of this methodological discus- sion is in relation to social development programs.


Problem Situation Soft System Methodology Social Planning Democratic Principle Viable System Model 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mandy Brown
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Systems StudiesUniversity of HullHullEngland

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