Nutrition and Diet
Organ transplantation has become a therapeutic option for hundreds of victims of cardiac and pulmonary failure each year. Since the first human heart transplant was performed by Christiaan Barnard in Cape Town, in December 1967, medical centers have been performing transplant procedures worldwide. Heart and lung transplants have made survival and rehabilitation possible for individuals with end-stage cardiac and pulmonary failure who would otherwise have died or have remained severely disabled. However, the number of patients waiting for transplantation increases each year, and many wait weeks or months before they receive a transplant. During this waiting period the patients’ nutritional status can be maintained, or possibly improved, though repletion of the nutritional stores of a patient with end-stage organ disease may not be possible until a functioning organ is received.
KeywordsNutritional Support Respiratory Quotient Nutritional Assessment Rest Energy Expenditure Transplant Candidate
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