With the introduction of cyclosporin a new era in transplantation began. Improved immunosuppression was partly responsible for the exponential growth of heart transplant programs from 1984 to 1987. The first successful lung transplant was performed by the Toronto Lung Transplant Croup in 1983 and, though less dramatic. there has been a steady increase in the number of lung transplant programs since that time. More importantly. the increased frequency of organ transplantation has been accompanied by improved long-term survival. At the five heart and lung transplant programs represented by the authors of this chapter we found combined 1- and 5-year survival rates for heart (n=654) transplantation to be 89% and 75%. and for lung (n=196) transplantation to be 67% and 38%, respectively.
KeywordsTransplant Recipient Heart Transplantation Lung Transplant Heart Transplant Recipient Lung Transplant Recipient
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