Antagonism and Synergism in the Plant Surface Colonisation Strategies of Fungi

  • Alan D. M. Rayner


As energy-using systems, all life forms must possess boundaries. However, these boundaries can neither be fully open nor fully closed to energy transfer if they are not to become infinitely dispersed or forever static. Instead, they define the reactive interfaces between the insides and outsides — i.e. the “dynamic contexts” — of living systems. The properties of these interfaces are fundamental to the origins of phenotypic patterns and the manner in which neighbouring life forms interact with one another. Moreover, these properties depend on the interaction of ingredients coming from inside, outside and within the boundaries themselves — not least the water which envelopes the genes of all life forms.


Endophytic Fungus Plant Surface Inoculum Potential Hyphal System Phenotypic Pattern 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan D. M. Rayner
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Biology and BiochemistryUniversity of BathBathUK

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