Coevolution Between Plants and Pathogens of Their Aerial Tissues

  • Donald D. Clarke


The term coevolution was coined by Ehrlich and Raven (1964) to describe the influences that plants and herbivorous insects have on each other’s evolution, but it is now accepted that most, if not all, ecologically intimate associations between organisms are coevolving associations (Pirozynski and Hawksworth, 1988). One of the largest group of coevolving associations includes the associations between plants and phytopathogens and this review examines a subset of this group, associations between plants and phytopathogens of their aerial tissues. It is concerned with phytopathogens of native plants, where natural selection will be the driving force for coevolution, and considers both the extent to which associations may coevolve to establish long term and stable relationships and the fitness traits of both pathogen and host which are required to maintain such relationships. The account is based largely on our studies of the associations between native Senecio spp. and their powdery mildew and rust parasites.


Powdery Mildew Host Population Rust Fungus Spore Production Parasite Development 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ben-Kalio, V.D. and Clarke, D.D. 1979, Studies on tolerance in wild plants: effects of Erysiphe fischeri on the growth and development of Senecio vulgaris. Physiological Pl. Path. 14: 203–211.Google Scholar
  2. Bevan, J.R., Crute, I.R. and Clarke, D.D. 1993a, Variation for virulence in Erysiphe fischeri from Senecio vulgaris. Pl. Path. 42: 622–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bevan, J.R., Clarke, D.D. and Crute, I.R. 1993b, Resistance to Erysiphe fischeri in two populations of Senecio vulgaris. Pl. Path. 42: 636–646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bevan, J.R., Clarke, D.D. and Crute, I.R. 1993c, Diversity and variation in expression of resistance to Erysiphe fischeri in Senecio vulgaris. Pl. Path. 42: 647–653.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Blumer, S. 1967, Echte mehltaupilze (Erysiphaceae). Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena. 436pp.Google Scholar
  6. Burdon, J.J. and Jarosz A.M. 1991, Host-pathogen interactions in natural populations of Linum marginale and Melampsora lini. 1, Patterns of resistance and racial variation in a large host population. Evolution. 45: 205–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clarke, D.D. 1986, Tolerance of parasites and disease in plants and its significance in host-parasite interactions, pp. 161–198 In: Ingram, D.S. and Williams, P.H. (eds.) Adv. Pl. Pathol., Vol 5., Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. Campbell, F. 1990, Genetic interactions between Erysiphe fischeri (Blumer) and members of the genus Senecio. Ph.D. thesis, University of Glasgow.Google Scholar
  9. Day, P.R. 1974, Genetics of Host-Parasite Interaction. W.H. Freeman, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  10. Dinoor, A. 1977, Oat crown rust resistance in Israel. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 287: 357–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ehrlich, P.R. and Raven, P.H. 1964, Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution. Evolution. 18: 586–608.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Flor, H.H. 1956, The complementary genic systems in flax and flax rust. Adv. Genetics. 8: 29–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Harry, I.B. and Clarke, D.D. 1986, Race-specific resistance in groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) to the powdery mildew, Erysiphe fischeri. New Phytol. 103: 167–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Harry, I.B. and Clarke, D.D. 1987, The genetics of race-specific resistance in groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) to the powdery mildew fungus, Erysiphe fischeri. New Phytol. 107: 715–723.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Harry, I.B. and Clarke, D.D. 1992, The effects of powdery mildew (Erysiphe fischeri) infection on the development and function of leaf tissue by Senecio vulgaris. Physiol. Mol. Pl. Pathol. 40: 211–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Junnnel, L. 1967, Erysiphaceae of Sweden. Symbolae Botanicae Upsaliensis XIX, 1.Google Scholar
  17. Moseman, J.G. 1956, Physiological races of Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei in North America. Phytopathology 46: 318–322.Google Scholar
  18. Pirozynski, K.A. and Hawksworth, D.L. 1988, Coevolution of fungi with plants and animals: Introduction and overview, pp. 1–29 In: Pirozynski, K.A. and Hawksworth, D.L. (eds.) Coevolution of Fungi with Plants and Animals, Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  19. Preece, T.F. and Francis, S.M. 1987, Albugo on Senecio vulgaris. Mycologist 21: 71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Roberts, H.A. 1964, Emergence and longevity in cultivated soil of seeds of some annual weeds. Weed Res. 4:296–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Roelfs, A.P. 1988, Genetic control of phenotypes in wheat stem rust. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 26: 351–367.Google Scholar
  22. Sabri, N. and Clarke, D.D. 1996, The relative tolerances of wild and cultivated oats to infection by Erysiphe graminis f.sp. avenae: 1. The effects of infection on vegetative growth and yield. Physiol. Mol. Pl. Pathol. (in press).Google Scholar
  23. Shafer, J.F. 1971, Tolerance to plant disease. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 9: 235–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Smedegaard-Peterson, V. and Stølen, O. 1981, Effect of energy-requiring defence reactions on yield and grain quality in a powdery mildew resistant barley. Phytopathology, 71: 396–399.Google Scholar
  25. Tarr, S.A.J. 1972, Principles of Plant Pathology. Macmillan, London.Google Scholar
  26. Wahl, I., Eshed, N.S.A. and Sobel, Z. 1978, Significance of wild relatives of small grains and other wild grasses in cereal powdery mildews, pp. 84–100 In: Spencer, D.M. (ed.) The Powdery Mildews, Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  27. Wilson, M. and Henderson, D.M. 1966, British Rust Fungi. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Wolfe, M.S. and McDermott, J.M. 1994, Population genetics of plant pathogen interactions: The example of the Erysiphe graminis-Hordeum vulgare pathosystem. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 32: 89–113.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald D. Clarke
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology Graham Kerr BuildingGlasgow UniversityGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations