Clinical Findings and Parameters of Stress and Regeneration in Rowers Before World Championships

  • J. M. Steinacker
  • M. Kellmann
  • B. O. Böhm
  • Y. Liu
  • A. Opitz-Gress
  • K. W. Kallus
  • M. Lehmann
  • D. Altenburg
  • W. Lormes


The evaluation of the clinical state of an athlete, e.g. of current trainability and of the diagnosis of overload and overtraining, is already one of the most complicated tasks in athletic medicine. Training is not only repetitive physical exercises, but also regular regeneration as an integral part of a successful training program. As already shown in several experimental studies, clinical, metabolic and hormonal findings, including the psychologically-related monitoring of stress and recovery, seem to reflect the clinical state of athletes.Such parameters can be used to monitor training and regeneration in athletes. However, there remains some uncertainty concerning reliability of such parameters for monitoring training and regeneration of elite athletes during periods preparatory to major events like World Championships.This review deals with some of the aspects of these important practical and scientifical questions based on the experience of several preparatory training camps in rowing. Rowing has to be seen as strenuous middle time endurance stress of 5.5 to 8.0 minutes’ duration, for which the athletes perform hughe training programs in which the monitoring of adaptation is essential to prevent long-term overtraining.


Lactic Threshold Training Load Training Camp World Championship Basal Cortisol Level 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Steinacker
    • 1
  • M. Kellmann
    • 4
  • B. O. Böhm
    • 2
  • Y. Liu
    • 1
  • A. Opitz-Gress
    • 1
  • K. W. Kallus
    • 5
  • M. Lehmann
    • 1
  • D. Altenburg
    • 3
  • W. Lormes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sports Medicine, Endocrinology Medical HospitalUniversity of UlmUlmGermany
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine I, Endocrinology Medical HospitalUniversity of UlmUlmGermany
  3. 3.German Rowing AssociationHannoverGermany
  4. 4.Institute for Sports ScienceUniversity of PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  5. 5.Institute for Psychology Dep. of Applied PsychologyKarls-Franzens-University GrazGrazAustria

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