The Role of Microbial Diversity in the Cycling of Elements. (Summary of Workshop)
Prokaryotes are the oldest and most diverse group of organisms, encompassing a wide array of adaptations to extreme environmental conditions. The prokaryotes, including both Archaea and Eubacteria, comprise a large and versatile gene pool which can be translated to include highly versatile physiological responses to the environment, resulting in ability to grow within an extraordinarily-wide spectrum of environmental conditions. The communal metabolism of microorganisms is largely responsible for global cycling of elements, resulting in evolution of the Earth’s biosphere throughout the living history of the Earth and in maintaining dynamic stability of the present biosphere. Microbial activities are also closely associated with present global climatic changes, both accelerating and slowing these processes.
KeywordsMicrobial Community Microbial Diversity Axenic Culture Extreme Environmental Condition Sulfur Cycling
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