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Diversity of Naturally Occurring Prokaryotes

  • E. F. De Long

Abstract

Understanding the patterns of naturally occurring microbial diversity, how these patterns vary in space and time, and how they relate to ecosystem structure and function, remains a significant challenge for microbiologists. A variety of levels of microbial diversity are important and relevant from the perspective of microbial ecology, including trophic, physiological or functional diversity, intraspecific genetic diversity, or phylogenetic diversity of species and higher taxa. For the purpose of this chapter, “diversity” will be used to refer to phylogenetic variety at the level of species and higher taxa. One of the very first tasks necessary for assessing naturally occurring prokaryote diversity is to identify accurately those prokaryotic species predominant in a given habitat. This fundamental goal, representing the basis of understanding of the ecology or natural history of microbes, has rarely, if ever, been achieved for any naturally occurring microbial assemblage. We have a long way to go to catch up with the rest of biology!

Keywords

Microbial Diversity Delta Proteobacteria Magnetotactic Bacterium Alcaligenes Faecalis Desulfovibrio Desulfuricans 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. F. De Long
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine BiologyUniversity of California, Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara

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