The Korean Context of Computers in Education
In all stages of computer education’s development in the Korean system, the government has been strongly supportive. One of the problems with Korea’s educational system, the pressure to teach the knowledge that helps students pass very competitive examinations in order to gain college entrance, has implications for the ability to strengthen computer education as well. Although computers were first used in Korea in business high schools in the early 1970s, they were not introduced into general education until 1983. At that time, the government began to encourage computer use as an extra-curricular subject in elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Computer literacy education became a focus in the late 1980s. Around 1989, the Ministry of Education recommended adding computer subjects to the curriculum and computer units to some regular school subjects. In 1992, these curricula were reformed to place more emphasis upon the computer as a tool. In May 1995, the Korean Government announced yet another ambitious educational reform plan whose vision is “Education for all, anywhere anytime. The plan tries to shift the educational focus from current college preparation to life-long education. It prescribes the establishment of “National multimedia supported educational system” to support the paradigm shift.
KeywordsMiddle School Teacher Training Inservice Training Educational Software Computer Education
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