The Transition from Temporary Total to Permanent Partial Disability: A Longitudinal Analysis

  • John D. Worrall
  • David Durbin
  • David Appel
  • Richard J. Butler
Part of the Huebner International Series on Risk, Insurance and Economic Security book series (HSRI, volume 16)


There are more than 8 million workplace injuries per year compensated by private insurers or competitive state funds under the various workers compensation programs. Of these only 5 percent are sufficiently severe to result in permanent disability or the death of the injured workers, yet this subsample accounts for some 75 percent of all incurred claims costs. Identifying the more severe injuries is of substantial importance both in the estimating the costs of the workers compensation system, as well as in the effort to contain those costs.


Permanent Disability Injury Type Worker Compensation Transit Probability Compensation Insurance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Butler, J.S. and Robert Moffitt. (1982). “A Computationally Efficient Quadrature Procedure for the One-Factor Multinomial Probit Model.” Econometrica 50:761–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Butler, Richard J. (1983). “Age and Injury Rate Response to Shifting Levels of Workers’ Compensation.” In John D. Worrall (ed.) Safety and the Workforce: Incentives and Disincentives in Workers’ Compensation. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 61–86.Google Scholar
  3. Butler, Richard J. and John D. Worrall. (1983). “Workers’ Compensation: Benefit and Injury Claims Rates in the Seventies.” Review of Economics and Statistics LXV(4):580–589.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Butler, Richard J. and John D. Worrall. (1985). “Work Injury Compensation and the Duration of Nonwork Spells.” Economic Journal 95:714–724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Butler, Richard J. and John D. Worrall. (1987). “Gamma Duration Models With Heterogeneity.” Paper Presented at the Risk Theory Seminar, University of Texas, Austin (April).Google Scholar
  6. Chelius, James R. (1983). “The Incentive to Prevent Injuries.” In John D. Worrall (ed.) Safety and the Workforce: Incentives and Disincentives in Workers’ Compensation. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 154–160.Google Scholar
  7. Chelius, James R. (1982). “The Influence of Workers’ Compensation on Safety Incentive.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review 35:235–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ehrenberg, Ronald G. (1984). “Workers’ Compensation, Wages and the Risk of Injury.” A paper presented at the Conference on New Perspectives on Workers’ Compensation, ILR School, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY (October 16).Google Scholar
  9. Fenn, Paul. (1981). “Sickness Duration Residual Disability and Income Replacement: An Empirical Analysis.” Economic Journal: 158–173.Google Scholar
  10. Maddala, G.S. (1983). Limited Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics. NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Ruser, John W. (1985). “Workers’ Compensation Insurance, Experience Rating, and Occupational Injuries.” Rand Journal of Economics 16(4):487–503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Worrall, John D., Richard J. Butler, Philip S. Borba, and David Durbin. (1988). “Estimating Exit Rates from Workers Compensation: New Hazard Rate Estimates.” Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  13. Worrall, John D. and Butler, Richard J. (1985). “Workers’ Compensation: Benefits and Duration of Claims.” In John D. Worrall and David Appel (eds.), Workers’ Compensation Benefits: Adequacy, Equity and Efficiency. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 57–70.Google Scholar
  14. Worrall, John D. and Appel, David. (1982). “The Wage Replacement Rate and Benefit Utilization in Workers’ Compensation Insurance.” The Journal of Risk and Insurance XLIX(3):361–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Worrall, John D., David Appel, and Richard J. Butler. (1987). “Sex, Marital Status, and Medical Utilization by Injured Workers.” Journal of Risk and Insurance: 27–44.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • John D. Worrall
    • 1
  • David Durbin
    • 2
  • David Appel
    • 2
  • Richard J. Butler
    • 3
  1. 1.Rutgers UniversityUSA
  2. 2.The National Council on Compensation InsuranceUSA
  3. 3.Brigham Young UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations