Economic and Financial Returns from Chile’s Water Markets
This chapter builds on the previous chapter and presents an analysis of water markets in Chile with an emphasis on areas of relatively frequent trades. It provides an estimate of the gains-from-trade and focuses on the exchange of water-use rights. This is important because the exchange of water-use rights requires more elaborate institutional arrangements than does a simple exchange of water. The latter, sometimes referred to as a “spot market” or informal market, occurs when the owner of a legal or prescriptive right to a certain volume or flow of water sells a portion of that water, sometimes outside of legal sanction, to a neighbor in a simple transaction. These exchanges are for a finite period of time — sometimes for only a few hours of irrigation. Although the unit of sales may not be metered volumetrically, both buyer and seller usually have good information on the volume involved. A more permanent transaction involves the exchange of the water-use right itself. This generally requires legal sanctions to maintain the security of the right after the transfer. These transfers are generally permanent, but can be for a finite, but extended period of time — at least one irrigation season. The burden of uncertain supply falls on the purchaser of the right.
KeywordsTransaction Cost Financial Gain Spot Market Transaction Price Table Grape
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- CIAPEP (Curso Interamericano en Preparación Y Evaluación de Proyectos), 1991. Embalse Puclaro. Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago.Google Scholar
- Hearne, R.R., 1995. “The Market Allocation of Natural Resources: Transactions of Water-Use Rights in Chile.” Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Minnesota.Google Scholar
- Maass, A., and R.L. Anderson, 1978. …and the Desert Shall Rejoice: Conflict, Growth and Justice in Arid Environments. MIT Press. Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
- Vaux, H.J., and R.E Howitt, 1984. “Managing Water Scarcity: An Evaluation of Interregional Transfers.” Water Resources Research, 20:785–792.Google Scholar
- Whirtlesey, N. and J. Houston, 1984. “Water Markets for Stream Flow Augmentation.” in A Critical Assessment of Forecasting in Western Water Management, J. Cassidy and D. Lettenmair (eds.), American Water Resources Association, p. 139–146.Google Scholar