Soil Formation pp 203-231 | Cite as

Formation of Calcic, Gypsiferous, and Saline Soils


Many soils in areas with low rainfall have accumulations of relatively soluble minerals that strongly affect their properties and the plants and crops that can grow there. Ccalcite, gypsum, and more soluble salts such as chlorides, and sulphates of Mg, K and Na, and carbonates of Na and K are common in certain sedimentary rocks and soil, but do not occur in primary (igneous) rocks. The constituent cations are found in common rock-forming silicates. Sulphur is common in magmatic ore deposits (sulphides). Sulphur, chlorine and carbon dioxide are common volcanic gases.


Calcium Carbonate Soluble Salt Calcium Carbonate Precipitate Exchangeable Sodium Sodic Soil 
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9.7. References

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

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