Soil Physical Processes


The main soil physical processes influencing soil formation are movement of water plus dissolved substances (solutes) and suspended particles, temperature gradients and fluctuations, and shrinkage and swelling. Here a short outline of such processes will be given. For more details on the principles involved in the movement of water through soils, reference is made to introductory tests as such in 2.7.


Hydraulic Conductivity Void Ratio Rainfall Intensity Total Annual Precipitation Pressure Potential 


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2.7. References

  1. Ben Rahiem, H., C.H. Pons and D. Tessier, 1987. Factors affecting the microstructure of smectites: role of cation and history of applied stresses, p 292–297 in L.G. Schultz, H. van Olphen and F.A. Mumpton (eds) Proc. Int. Clay Conf. Denver, The Clay Mineral Society, Bloomington, IN.Google Scholar
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  4. Dekker, L.W., and P.D. Jungerius, 1990. Water repellency in the dunes with special reference to the Netherlands. Catena supplement 18, p173–183. Catena Verlag, Cremlingen, GermanyGoogle Scholar
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  6. FAO, 1989. Soil Map of the World at scale 1:5,000,000. Legend. FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
  7. Feijtel, T.C.J. and E.L. Meyer, 1990. Simulation of soil forming processes 2nd ed., Dept of Soil Science and Geology, WAU, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 74 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Hillel, D., 1980 Applications of soil physics. Academic Press, 385 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Pons, L.J. and I.S. Zonneveld, 1965. Soil ripening and soil classification. ILRI publ. 13, Veenman, Wageningen, 128 pp.Google Scholar
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  13. Tessier, D., 1984. Etude experimentale de l’organisation des materiaux argileux. Dr Science Thesis. Univ. de Paris INRA, Versailles Publ,. 360 pp.Google Scholar
  14. U.S. Soil Conservation Service. 1975. Soil Taxonomy; a basic system of soil classification for making and interpreting soil surveys. Agric. Handbook no. 436. USA Govt. Print Off., Washington.Google Scholar
  15. Van Breemen, N., WJ.F. Visser and Th. Pape, 1988. Biogeochemistry of and oak-woodland ecosystem in the Netherlands affected by acid atmospheric deposition. Agr Res. Repts 930. Pudoc, Wageningen, the Netherlands, 197 pp.Google Scholar
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General reading

  1. Hillel, D., 1980. Fundamentals of soil physics. Academic Press, New York, 413 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Hillel, D., 1980. Applications of soil physics. Academic Press, New York, 385 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Koorevaar, P., G. Menelik and C. Dirksen, 1983. Elements of soil physics. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

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