The Effects of ELF on Chemical Reaction Rates in Biological Systems

  • Frank S. Barnes


In this paper we review some of the theory and experiments associated with the effects of electric and magnetic fields at extremely low frequencies, ELF, on chemical reaction rates. The paper proposes a simple model for chemical reactions and shows that the effects of weak electric fields can change the probability that molecules of the reacting materials will encounter each other as well as shift the barrier energy for the reaction. These effects occur primarily in the vicinity of membranes or at boundaries where there are large variations in current density or the concentration of one of the chemical reactants.


Current Flow Drift Velocity Collision Frequency Space Charge Layer Diffusion Control Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank S. Barnes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of ColoradoBoulder

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