Spatial Information to Make a Difference: Value Added Decision-Making in the Health Sector with Geographical Information Systems
This chapter addresses the problem of diffusing geographic information system (GIS) technology to policy-makers, planners and managers. Although GIS holds enormous potential for improving the public’s health, its use still is limited. This is in part due to the sociopsychological differences between information producers (technicians) and the consumers of GIS products (public health policy-makers and managers). The design and implementation of GIS applications must be guided by the principle of user orientation. The elaboration of information products, the major outputs of these systems, must be carefully tailored to provide decision support to intended clients. Mechanisms also must be elaborated that assure close interaction between decision-makers and GIS technicians. Included among these are staffing of projects, information audits and client-technician forums. These approaches are elaborated and illustrated based on the authors’ experience with such projects.
KeywordsInformation Audit Geographic Information System Technician Geographic Information System Technology Information System Technology Emergency Relief
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