Networked Multimedia Information Systems
IT is bringing a number of radical changes in the organisational and technical environments of organisations. The first of these forces is the rapidly increasing growth in globalisation, whereby the scopes of organisations are expanding beyond their traditional geographic boundaries. This has resulted in worldwide competition, higher productivity requirements, and a turbulent business and social environment. These radical changes have brought increased connectivity in terms of interorganisational relationships, the need for adaptable organisational structures and last but not least an increase in intraorganisational coordination needed for increased efficiency and effectiveness (see, e.g., Yates and Benjamin, 1991; Hald and Konsynski, 1993; Jonscher, 1994). These changes in the business domain are a mirror of the changes in IT and information systems (IS). The changes in IT are to be found in advances in speed and quality of hardware and software, the rise of powerful and transparent networks, the easy access to distributed databases and the advent of multimedia information systems and multimedia services. The IT industry seems to be in the midst of an evolutionary ‘leap forward’. Personal computers are being transformed from computation-intensive to communications-intensive devices that use the media types of audio and video (Jonscher, 1994; Fetterman and Gupta, 1993).
KeywordsInternational Standard Organisation Joint Photographic Expert Group Multimedia Document Multimedia Transmission Interactive Multimedia Application
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