Artifact Classification and Seriation
The mid-1930s through the early 1950s were, in several respects, the heyday of the culture history paradigm. Superposed artifact collections and the development and perfection of typologies allowed culture historians to identify various prehistoric cultures and to place them in their proper time-space positions. Various federally sponsored relief projects poured a huge amount of money and labor into archaeology during this period, especially in the Southeast (e.g., Haag 1985, Haag 1986; Jennings 1985; Lyon 1996), and as a result the data base for many areas grew geometrically. By 1935, the discipline had become sufficiently formalized that the Society for American Archaeology was founded in an attempt to solidify and align the efforts of avocational and professional archaeologists (Griffin 1985; Guthe 1967).
KeywordsCulture History Marker Type Alluvial Valley Village Site Artifact Classification
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