Nuclear Energy into the 21st Century

  • Geoffrey Paul Hammond


The historical development of the civil nuclear power generation industry is examined in the light of the need to meet conflicting energy supply and environmental pressures over recent decades. It is suggested that fission (thermal and fast) reactors will dominate the market up to the period 2010–2030, with fusion being relegated to the latter part of the 21st Century. A number of issues affecting the use of nuclear electricity generation in Western Europe are considered, including its cost, industrial strategic needs, and the public acceptability of nuclear power. The contribution of nuclear power stations to achieving CO2 targets aimed at relieving global warming is discussed in the context of alternative strategies for sustainable development, including renewable energy sources and energy efficiency measures. Trends in the generation of electricity from fission nuclear reactors are finally considered in terms of the main geopolitical groupings that make up the World in the mid-1990s. Several recent, but somewhat conflicting, forecasts of role of nuclear power in the fuel mix up to about 2020 are reviewed. It is argued that the only major expansion in generating capacity will take place in the Asia-Pacific Rim and not in the developing countries generally. Nevertheless, the global nuclear industry overall will continue to be dominated by a small number of large nuclear electricity generating countries; principally the USA, France and Japan.


Nuclear Power Station International Energy Agency Energy Efficiency Measure Nuclear Power Generation Public Acceptability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey Paul Hammond
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Bath, Claverton DownBathUK

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